助動詞(Auxiliary verb)

Should you have any questionsについて

仮定法と倒置

嫌な組み合わせですよね。

でもここをクリアすれば文法事項がぐっと楽になります。

Shouldを使った仮定法と倒置

If you should have any questions, ask me.

↓↓↓

Should you have any questions, ask me.

Should he refuse to leave, call me.

If I should meet the football player, I might cry.

Hadを使った仮定法と倒置

過去における仮の話

例1)過去において

If he had studied harder,

he would have passed the entrance exam.

↓↓↓

Had he studied harder,

he would have passed the entrance exam.

例2)過去において

If I had read the newspaper,

I should have known about her death.

↓↓↓

Had I read the newspaper,

I should have known about her death.

Wereを使った仮定法と倒置

あなたのアドヴァイスがなければ、、、

例)

  1. Without your advice,
  2. But for your advice,

↓↓↓未来を見て

If it were not for your advice,

↓↓↓未来を見て

Were it not for your advice,

例2)過去において

If it had not been for your advice,

↓↓↓過去において

Had it not been for your advice,

be to 不定詞と仮定法

be to 不定詞を使った仮の話

例)未来を見て

If I were to go into space,

my family would be very surprised.

Ifを使わないbeingを使った仮定表現

Ingを使った分詞構文の応用?

例)未来を見て

It being rainy tomorrow,

the baseball game will be called off.

明日雨が降ったら、試合は中止だろう。

Turning left, you can see the station.

そこを左に曲がると、その駅が見えます。

関連記事

hardly/barely/scarcelyの簡単な使い方

if it were not for A+if it had not been for A

Ifの直接法と仮定法の比較+深層心理

No sooner thanと倒置表現

助動詞の定番

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